The Spanish Center for Sociological Research (CIS, Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas) provides its data to researchers in SAS and SPSS formats. I will not enter today into to discussion and need to provide publicly funded data in open formats, but will only cover the technical workaround that R users have to do to be able to easily import the datasets.

I have tried several times to use the `read.spss.format()`

function from the package `memisc`

, maintained by Martin Elff, but this function has problems with the CIS files.

My approach is to use another layer of software: PSPP. Yes, it is another complication, but PSPP works fine and from the command line, which makes things easier.

In addition to that, I also tend to recode files into UTF-8 from the very beginning, so I work from the original files transformed from ISO-8859-1 to UTF-8. The tool is recode.

So this is what I do in order to introduce CIS datasets into R.

I will use the survey 2384 for postelectoral general elections in 2000.

## Recode the original file

## Run PSPP to generate a SAV SPSS file

## Load the SAV file from R

Then within R the old ES2394 text file is now a SAV file, and so it can be read using `read.spss()`

.

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